human genome

Tracing The Human Genome For Defects

Scientists and geneticists alike have spent years learning more about how to trace the human genome and locate defects. When it comes to the onset of disease, early detection is the key and by tracing the human genome, doctors are no longer forced to wait until the disease has arrived and begun to spread.

Genetic Mutations

One of the main defects that causes humans to become ill are genetic mutations. Since diseases are typically caused by these genetic mutations, the more tracing of the human genome that takes place, the more options that are available to treat them.

Genetic Testing – Tracing Genetic Defects

From there, increased genetic testing is able to be introduced, to help the tracing process. This allows patients to learn more about their likelihood for developing defects and diseases, as well as the likelihood that they will pass on these defective genetics to their children.

In order to trace the human genome for defects, researchers increase their ability to discover how the particular genes have been mutated and how many generations have experienced this mutation. Genes that are more susceptible to disease often go through multiple mutations, which adds further importance to the tracing of the human genome.

Genetic Tracing Process What’s Involved?

The tracing process is often very lengthy, so that scientists have the opportunity to learn more about these multiple mutations. Knowing what human genes are supposed to do is merely half of the battle, while knowing why the gene isn’t doing what it is supposed to do is even more crucial.

A common way to trace the human genome for defects is to use techniques that involve the comparison of DNA from families with a hereditary history of a certain disease with families that do not. Or they can compare the DNA of family members who have experienced disease with other members of the same family who have remained in good health.

When the DNA segments in those who have been affected by disease are the same, scientists are able to mark these specific chromosomes and let researchers know where the defective genes are located. This greatly increases the chances for finding a cure, as well as locating the disease before it has a chance to become full blown.

Human genome tracing is completed with numerous objectives in mind. First and foremost, gene therapy is put in place, so that the genes that are the catalyst for causing cancerous tumours can be eliminated or corrected. This increases the body’s ability to defend itself, by strengthening the immune system.

Cells can also be altered, so that they can successfully withstand higher dosages of chemotherapy. The cancerous cells themselves are also altered, to increase their overall sensitivity to the drugs used during treatment.

While there is still much to be learned about the advantages and potential disadvantages that come with such a bold, new form of fighting disease, early returns have been encouraging. Treating disease and defective genes is all about the amount of information that can be uncovered. In time, humans will be able to keep their defective genes at bay and ensure that they are not passed down to future generations.

Tracing the human genome for defects threatens to change the entire medical landscape, as well as the methods we use for treating deadly diseases. If the defective genes can be altered or singled out, this increases the chances that the onset of disease can be avoided entirely, as well as the opportunity for early detection. In most cases, early detection is the driving factor in overcoming the onset of a disease and tracing the human genome for defects allows patients to seek more favourable outcomes.

hypothyroidism adrenal fatigue

Thyroid + Adrenal Fatigue Clinic Harley Street: Do I Have Addison’s Disease?

Addison’s disease, also known as adrenal fatigue, is a condition that affects around 8,400 people in the UK, but due to its rarity, many individuals are still unsure about what signs to look out for. As a thyroid + adrenal fatigue clinic, we are here to detail the symptoms that everyone should look for prior to Addison’s disease diagnosis as well as the treatment options currently available to sufferers.

About adrenal fatigue

Often referred to as Addison’s disease, primary adrenal insufficiency or hypoadrenalism, adrenal fatigue affects the glands that sit at the very top of the kidneys. Your body has two adrenal glands, however, despite these glands having an important job to do, Addison’s disease prevents the production of steroid hormones due to the cortex of the gland being attack by its own immune system.

Unfortunately the reason why 9 in 10 cases of adrenal fatigue happen is still unknown, however it is important to remember that treatment is available at our thyroid + adrenal fatigue clinic.

The symptoms of Addison’s disease

The symptoms of adrenal fatigue are often confused with the flu, however, unlike flu, failure to treat Addison’s can actually result in death. The development of adrenal fatigue is a medical emergency and if you notice any of the following symptoms you should seek medical help.

Symptoms of adrenal fatigue include:

  • Fatigue
  • Mood swings
  • Muscle weakness
  • Poor appetite
  • Unquenchable thirst

Treatment options for adrenal fatigue sufferers

The medical professionals based at our thyroid + adrenal fatigue clinic in Harley Street are qualified and experienced when it comes to diagnosing and treating a variety of conditions, including Addison’s disease. For the majority of patients, treatment via medication is recommended to replace the hormones lost due to the condition. Corticosteroid replacement therapy is completed two to three times daily to ensure you get the very best quality of life.